$2.55 Billion program with the aim to help business reduce their emissions through the Emissions Reduction Fund.


Emissions Reduction Fund

The Emissions Reduction Fund provides positive incentives to businesses across the economy to reduce emissions. Its aim is to reduce emissions at lowest cost and contribute towards Australia’s 2020 emissions reduction target of five per cent below 2000 levels by 2020.



The Emissions Reduction Fund will operate alongside existing programs that are already working to offset Australia’s emissions growth, such as the Renewable Energy Target and energy efficiency standards on appliances, equipment and buildings.



The Emissions Reduction Fund has three elements:

  1. crediting emissions reductions
  2. purchasing emissions reductions
  3. safeguarding emissions reductions.


Eligible Activities

Businesses have identified a range of activities that the Emissions Reduction Fund could unlock. These include:

  • upgrading commercial buildings
  • improving energy efficiency of industrial facilities and houses
  • reducing electricity generator emissions
  • capturing landfill gas
  • reducing waste coal mine gas
  • reforesting and revegetating marginal lands
  • improving Australia’s agricultural soils
  • upgrading vehicles and improving transport logistics, and
  • managing fires in savanna grasslands.


2015-16 Priority Activities

The Minister for the Environment has determined the 2015-16 priority activities for method scoping and potential development under the Emissions Reduction Fund, following consultation with Technical Working Groups, the public and the Emissions Reduction Assurance Committee.

The priorities are determined to ensure that activities offer the greatest opportunity for uptake and genuine abatement. The prioritisation is an annual process and provides a 12 month forward work plan for method scoping and development. The sectors where activities will be scoped and their feasibility tested for potential method development in 2015-16 are listed below.

Activities for scoping include reducing emissions from fertilizer use in sugar cane production, reducing emissions from sheep flock management and soil carbon sequestration.

Energy Efficiency
Activities for scoping include coverage of community buildings; improvements to the energy efficiency of boilers, pumping systems, compressed air systems, and reducing emissions from air conditioning systems in industrial and commercial settings; and a technology-neutral energy efficiency sampling method.

Industrial Process
Scoping will include an industrial process efficiency method that would reduce Scope 1 emissions of industrial process gases.

Scoping will include a transport mode shift sub-method as an extension to the existing land and sea transport method.

Activities for scoping include savanna sequestration, abatement through avoided degradation and rehabilitation of Australian woodlands and protection and restoration of mangroves for sequestration and carbon storage.

Activities for scoping include waste to energy projects that could provide incentives to avoid or destroy emissions associated with current waste disposal practices.



The Government has provided $2.55 billion to establish the Emissions Reduction Fund in the 2014-15 Budget. The full level of funding will be available to be committed under contract from the commencement of the Emissions Reduction Fund. Payment will be made as emissions reductions are verified.

The Regulator will hold auctions to purchase emissions reductions at the lowest available cost.

Auctions will be conducted with cost as the only criterion. Other project attributes such as project risk and commercial readiness will be assessed when businesses register to participate in Emissions Reduction Fund auctions.



Participants will submit a bid—specifying a price per tonne of emissions reductions—with the lowest cost projects being selected. Participants will not be able to see what other companies are bidding as bids will be ‘sealed’, or secret.

Successful participants will be paid the price that they bid (often called a ‘pay-as-bid’ auction). The Government will enter into contracts with successful bidders, which will guarantee payment for the future delivery of emissions reductions over the life of the contract.

The Regulator will publish average price information following each auction to help businesses forward plan future projects. The Regulator may also publish the benchmark price prior to the first auction. The benchmark price is the maximum price that the Government will pay for emissions reductions. Only bids below the benchmark price will be considered. The benchmark price may differ for each auction.


Eligible Applicants

Businesses, community organisations, local councils, state governments and other members of the community who meet the eligibility requirements can undertake activities like these in accordance with approved emissions reduction methods under the Emissions Reduction Fund. They can then sell the resulting emissions reductions to the Clean Energy Regulator, acting on behalf of the Government.


Fifth Emissions Reduction Fund Auction Announced

The Clean Energy Regulator has announced the fifth Emissions Reduction Fund auction will be held on 5-6 April 2017.  Guidelines for the fifth auction are published on the Clean Energy Regulator’s website.

Key dates are summarised in the table below.

Information to be publishedThird auction dates
Project registration application deadline21 February 2017 (Midnight AEDT)
Auction qualification application deadline7 Mach 2017 (Midnight AEDT)
Auction registration application deadline29 March 2017 (Midnight AEDT)
Closing time for declaration of eligible projects29 March 2017 (5pm AEDT)
Auction Window9am 5 April 2017 to 5pm 6 April 2017 (AEST)
Results released, authorised bidder notified and average price per tonne of abatement published13 April 2017

Information on planning for an Emissions Reduction Fund auction is available